ANG KIUKOK (b. Davao City, March 1, 1931 d. May 9, 2005)
Ang Kiukok, "Thinking Man," 1979, Watercolor on Paper
Ang Kiukok, an ethnic Chinese painter who studied under Vincente Manansala, attained prominence for an
Expressionist style that fused Cubist, Surrealist and Expressionist aspects into a unique personal aesthetic. Kiukok
has been called "one of the most dynamic figures in contemporary Philippine arts." It has also been said that he
"opened eyes with his violent Cubist paintings of fighting cocks, stray dogs and tormented lovers," and that his
Expresionist works "sustained a hard-edged evocation of fortitude and indignation in a hostile setting of screaming
men, crucifixions and junk."
Painter Ang Kiukok was born to immigrant Chinese parents, Vicente Ang and Chin Lim. He was an only son with five
sisters, born to Chinese immigrants from Fukien; Vicente Ang and Chin Lim. His father wanted to name him Hua
Shing, meaning "Chinese-born", but decided to look for another name when he learned that his cousin's son had been
given the same name. Worried about China's fate against the invading Manchurians at that time, his father named him
Kiukok, which means "save the country."
As a young man, Kiukok did comical sketches and also studied Chinese ink and brush painting methods. His first
traditional brush paintings were influenced by those of the Chinese master Qi Baishi. Kiukok also copied movie ads
from newspapers while tending his father's sari-sari store, a business that he was expected to someday run.
Against his father's wishes, Kiukok began his formal art studies at Manila's University of Santa Tomas from 1952 to
1954. At Santa Tomas, Vicente Manansala was his primary mentor, and also became a lifelong friend. Kiukok also
studied with other prominent professors including Victorio Edades, Diosdado Lorenzo, Jose Garcia Llamas, Carlos
"Botong" Francisco, Galo Ocampo, Virginia Ty, and sculptor Francesco Monti. At the conclusion of his studies, Kiukok
taught art in a school of overseas Chinese for five years.
Kiukok's first formal recongntion came in the form of a third prize award in the Shell National Students Art Competition
for Calesa in 1953. Then, st the urging of Vicente Manansala, Kiukpk launched his first one-man show at the
Contemporary Arts Gallery in 1954. After that he earned numerous awards from the Art Association of the Philippines
for his works: Honorable Mention, "Still Life" (1951), First Prize, "The Bird" (1959), Third Prize, "Still Life in Red" (1963),
Second Prize, "Fish" (1963), and Second Prize on "Geometric Still-Life Fish" (1963).
The turning point of his career as an artist came in 1965 when he and the late Vicente Manansala traveled to New York.
There, he was surprised at the urban squalor and alienation he found, and also influenced by American abstract art.
Upon his return to the Philippines, his style took a turn towards a new vivid Expressionist that including themes of
agony, sorrow and madness. The difficulty of these themes caused a temporary loss of interest on the part of art
dealers and collectors.
In 1976 Kiukok received the Patmabay ng Kilinangan Award from the City of Manila. In 1978 he as given an
"Outstanding Alumnus" award by the University of Santo Tomas. In 1980 his painting "Modern Angst" was a finalist in
the Mobil Art Awards. In 1990, he was featured with Onib Olmedo, and Solomon Saprid in a show entitled Three
Figurative Expressionists held at the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP.)
Ang Kiukok, "Cockerel," 1976, Watercolor on Paper
During the Marcos Regime, and the period of martial law in the Philippines, Kiukok returned to painting violent and
gruesome imagery that some interpreted as a commentary on the political atmosphere of the era. Once, when asked
about the anger in his art he replied "Look around you. So much anger, ugliness. And also madness."
Towards the end of his life Ang Kiukok became internationally known, and his works appeared in exhibits in Manila,
Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, as well as in the Netherlands, Canada and the United States. His works are displayed in
various collections, such as the Philippine National Museum, the Ateneo Art Gallery, the Cultural Center of
the Philippines and the National Historical Commission in Taipei. Over time, his art gradually lost its harsh
edge and he near the end of his life he created paintings of clowns and richly dressed harlequins juggling and
clowning. In 2001 President Gloria Macapaganal-Arroyo named him a National Artist for visual arts.
Ang Kiukok died of prostate cancer at the age of 74 in Quezon City, Philippines. He was survived by his wife, Mary de
Jesus and four children.